Nu forlanger det repulikanske kongresmedlem Bill Posey at datatene fra den hemmelige forskning bliver offentliggjort, så andre forskere kan efterprøve dem. Han mener meget rigtigt, at offentlige bevillinger ikke kan baseres på ikke tilgængelig forskning. Den amerikanske miljømyndighed EPA har ignoreret og nægtet at efterkomme Kongressens krav om at udlevere dataene siden midten af 1990-erne.
To the editor:
“E.P.A. to Limit Science Used to Write Public Health Rules” fails to mention the science that supports the Environmental Protection Agency’s proposed rule, Strengthening Transparency in Regulatory Science. For example, a 2014 study examined more than 2 million emergency hospital admissions and more than 600,000 deaths from heart disease in England and Wales. A 2017 California study looked at all death certificates for the years 2000-2012 (data public since 2015). Neither study found an association of air quality with deaths. Yet data from the Six Cities study, which claims an association, is not publicly available. Since the publicly available data casts doubt on previous studies that inform our air pollution regulations, the E.P.A. is entirely justified to propose requiring that the science informing regulations should have analysis data sets that are publicly available, or available to a trusted third party. If the science behind the regulations is any good, public scrutiny will confirm it. If that science doesn’t reproduce, the E.P.A. should know—as should all Americans.
S. Stanley Young
University of Alberta