Harck Olufs, Fød paa Øen Amrom udi Riber-Stift i Jydland, Besynderlige AVANTURES, som have tildraget sig med ham Især til Constantine og paa andre Steder i Africa, For deres Merkværdigheds skyld i Trykken udgivne.
Dansk tekst (Kjøbenhavn 1747)
Uddrag af Harks livsforløb:
1724 mar. 10 (?) on the way from Nantes to Hamburg captured by the Algerians at the Scilly islands, later on sold at Algiers as a slave, and finally bought by the bey of Constantine
1724-1727/28 lackey of the bey of Constantine
1727/28-1735 gasnadal (treasurer) of the bey
1732 june/july visit of a Saxonian expedition under the direction of dr. J. Hebenstreit
between 1728 and 1732 appointed commander of the bey’s bodyguard
1732-1735 agha ed-deira (commander-in-chief of the cavalry)
1732 sep. participation in the siege of Oran (?)
1732/33 pilgrimage to Mecca
1734 journey to Marrakech
1734 attempt for ransom by Oluf Jensen
1735 sep. 04 battle of Smendja and later on conquest of Tunis
1735 oct. 31 release and return via Algiers, Marseille, Lyon, Paris and Hamburg
1736 apr. 25 arrival at Amrum
Fundet via Illustreret Videnskab Historie
Som det fremgår var Hark Olufs en af ´de cirka 1 million europæiske slaver, som muslimerne havde bortført til Nordafrika.
Jeg har tidligere skrevet om det hvide guld, en bog der handler om drengen Thomas Pellows uhyggelige oplevelser i Marokko som hvid slave for sultanen. Envidere er der bogen The Scourge of Slavery, hvori der blandt andet står:
“It is estimated that possibly as many as 11 million Africans were transported across the Atlantic (95% of which went to South and Central America, mainly to Portuguese, Spanish and French possessions. Only 5% of the slaves went to the United States).
However, at least 28 million Africans were enslaved in the Muslim Middle East. As at least 80% of those captured by Muslim slave traders were calculated to have died before reaching the slave markets, it is believed that the death toll from the 14 centuries of Muslim slave raids into Africa could have been over 112 million. When added to the number of those sold in the slave markets, the total number of African victims of the Trans Saharan and East African slave trade could be significantly higher than 140 million people.”