“Racist violence and crime remains a serious social ill across the EU,” the EU’s Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) said in a report presented to the European Parliament.
“Although good practices in response to the problem either continued or emerged in some member states in 2006 … most member states still have insufficient data collection on racist violence and crime,” the agency, which came into being this March, added.
The annual Report on Racism and Xenophobia, based on data drawn up by the FRA’s forerunner, the European Monitoring Centre on Racism and Xenophobia, paints a bleak picture of the state of anti- discrimination campaigns across the 27-member union.
The EU’s keystone piece of legislation in the field of racial discrimination is the Racial Equality Directive, adopted by the European Commission in June 2000 as a “framework for combating discrimination on the grounds of racial or ethnic origin.”
Despite the fact that the Directive’s provisions had been widely, if not universally, adopted by EU member states as of the end of 2006, serious questions remain about its implementation.
“In many countries there is no indication that a single sanction had been applied, or compensation awarded, in cases of ethnic discrimination during 2006,” the FRA report said.
Those countries were the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Greece, Italy, Cyprus, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Portugal, Slovenia, Slovakia and Spain, it continued.
The problem is compounded by a lack of consensus on the definition and reporting of racist crime, with five member states not reporting any data on the issue, and only two – Britain and Finland – being classified as having “comprehensive” data.
Ja der er vist ingen tvivl om, at der ikke er enighed om definitionerne.