Atomulykken i Fukushima Japan bevirkede, at man lukkede for alle atomkraftværker. Dette medførte, at man måtte anvende andre kilder til el-produktion, hvilket igen medførte, at el-priserne stege betydeligt. Dette bevirkede, at tusinder af ældre mennesker er døde af kulde i Japan.
To put these estimates in context, we compare the number of deaths from the replacement of nuclear power to those from the accident itself.
Since our data only covers 28 percent of the population, the total death toll is likely to be much higher than 1,280 deaths. Assuming the same elasticity of electricity consumptions, temperature-mortality relationship, and temperature 21 distribution, this estimate would imply over 4,500 deaths from 2011-2014 across the entire nation.
Meanwhile, the number of deaths due to the Fukushima accident is much lower. No deaths have yet to be directly attributable to radiation exposure, though projections estimate a cumulative 130 deaths (Ten Hoeve and Jacobson, 2012).
An estimated 1,232 deaths occurred as a result of the evacuation after the accident as of March 2015 (Tokyo Shimbun, 2016).
The estimated number of deaths from the higher electricity prices outnumber the deaths from the accident in only four years, and a gap that is likely to grow with time given that the higher electricity prices have persisted since the end of our study period. This suggests that ceasing nuclear energy production has contributed to more deaths than the accident itself.